Treatment Guides

There is no one, standard way to treat multiple myeloma. Many cancer centers have developed their own treatment guidelines. Additionally, credible organizations, such as the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) and the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO), suggest paradigms to help guide treatment decisions. In general, your doctor will work with you to develop a personalized treatment plan based on a number of factors, including:

  • Your age and general health
  • Results of diagnostic tests and genome sequencing
  • Symptoms and disease complications
  • Prior multiple myeloma treatment
  • Insurance coverage
  • Your lifestyle, goals, views on quality of life, and personal preferences

Treatment goals can vary significantly from person to person and can have a substantial impact on the type(s) and duration of treatment people receive. Treatment goals may include:

  • Destroying all evidence of disease
  • Preventing damage to other organs of the body by controlling disease
  • Preserving normal performance and quality of life for as long as possible
  • Providing lasting relief from pain and other disease symptoms, as well as managing side effects of treatment
  • Managing multiple myeloma that is in remission

The Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation has developed the below chart to illustrate some common multiple myeloma treatment pathways.